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  • Writer's pictureNicky Ricciardi

How To Keep Your Home Safe from Viruses and Germs

Updated: Aug 31

There is no denying the Coronavirus (COVID-19) has changed the face in almost every aspect of the way we live from education to working, dining, and cleanliness to prevent the spread of the virus. Since people are spending more time than ever in their homes there are certain things you can do to protect your family from germs. Here are some tips and recommendations straight from the Center for Disease Control.

Household members should educate themselves about COVID-19 symptoms and prevent the spread of COVID-19 in homes.

● Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces daily in household common areas (e.g. tables, hard-backed chairs, doorknobs, light switches, phones, tablets, touch screens, remote controls, keyboards, handles, desks, toilets, sinks)

● In the bedroom/bathroom dedicated to an ill person: consider reducing cleaning frequency to as-needed (e.g., soiled items and surfaces) to avoid unnecessary contact with the ill person.

● As much as possible, an ill person should stay in a specific room and away from other people in their home, following home care guidance.

● The caregiver can provide personal cleaning supplies for an ill person’s room and bathroom unless the room is occupied by a child or another person for whom such supplies would not be appropriate. These supplies include tissues, paper towels, cleaners, and EPA-registered disinfectants (see examples external icon).

● If a separate bathroom is not available, the bathroom should be cleaned and disinfected after each use by an ill person. If this is not possible, the caregiver should wait as long as practical after use by an ill person to clean and disinfect the high-touch surfaces.

● Household members should follow home care guidance when interacting with persons with suspected/confirmed COVID-19 and their isolation rooms/bathrooms.

How to clean and disinfect hard (Non-porous) surfaces

● Wear disposable gloves when cleaning and disinfecting surfaces. Gloves should be discarded after each cleaning. If reusable gloves are used, those gloves should be dedicated for cleaning and disinfection of surfaces for COVID-19 and should not be used for other purposes. Consult the manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning and disinfection products used. Clean hands immediately after gloves are removed.

● If surfaces are dirty, they should be cleaned using a detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.

● For disinfection, most common EPA-registered household disinfectants should be effective.

● A list of products that are EPA-approved for use against the virus that causes COVID-19 is available here external icon. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection products for (concentration, application method and contact time, etc.).

● Additionally, diluted household bleach solutions (at least 1000ppm sodium hypochlorite) can be used if appropriate for the surface. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for application, ensuring a contact time of at least 1 minute, and allowing proper ventilation during and after application. Check to ensure the product is not past its expiration date. Never mix household bleach with ammonia or any other cleanser. Unexpired household bleach will be effective against coronaviruses when properly diluted.

● Prepare a bleach solution by mixing:

● 5 tablespoons (1/3rd cup) bleach per gallon of water or

● 4 teaspoons bleach per quart of water

● Bleach solutions will be effective for disinfection for up to 24 hours.

Soft (Porous) Surfaces

● For soft (porous) surfaces such as carpeted floor, rugs, and drapes, remove visible contamination if present and clean with appropriate cleaners indicated for use on these surfaces. After cleaning:

● Launder items as appropriate in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If possible, launder items using the warmest appropriate water setting for the items and dry items completely.

● Otherwise, use products that are EPA-approved for use against the virus that causes COVID-19external icon and that are suitable for porous surfaces.


● For electronics such as cell phones, tablets, touch screens, remote controls, and keyboards, remove visible contamination if present.

● Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection products.

● Consider the use of wipeable covers for electronics.

● If no manufacturer guidance is available, consider the use of alcohol-based wipes or sprays containing at least 70% alcohol to disinfect touch screens. Dry surfaces thoroughly to avoid the pooling of liquids.

Linens, clothing, and other items that go in the laundry

● Wear disposable gloves when handling dirty laundry from an ill person and then discard after each use. If using reusable gloves, those gloves should be dedicated to cleaning and disinfection of surfaces for COVID-19 and should not be used for other household purposes. Clean hands immediately after gloves are removed.

● If no gloves are used when handling dirty laundry, be sure to wash hands afterward.

● If possible, do not shake dirty laundry. This will minimize the possibility of dispersing the virus through the air.

● Launder items as appropriate in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. If possible, launder items using the warmest appropriate water setting for the items and dry items completely. Dirty laundry from an ill person can be washed with other people’s items.

● Clean and disinfect clothes hampers according to the guidance above for surfaces. If possible, consider placing a bag liner that is either disposable (can be thrown away) or can be laundered.

Hand hygiene and other preventive measures

● Household members should clean hands often, including immediately after removing gloves and after contact with an ill person, by washing hands with soap and water for 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available and hands are not visibly dirty, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol may be used. However, if hands are visibly dirty, always wash hands with soap and water.

● Household members should follow normal preventive actions while at work and home including recommended hand hygiene and avoiding touching eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.

● Additional key times to clean hands include:

● After blowing one’s nose, coughing, or sneezing

● After using the restroom

● Before eating or preparing food

● After contact with animals or pets

● Before and after providing routine care for another person who needs assistance (e.g. a child)

Other considerations

● The ill person should eat/be fed in their room if possible. Non-disposable food service items used should be handled with gloves and washed with hot water or in a dishwasher. Clean hands after handling used food service items.

● If possible, dedicate a lined trash can for the ill person. Use gloves when removing garbage bags, handling, and disposing of trash. Wash hands after handling or disposing of trash.

● Consider consulting with your local health department about trash disposal guidance if available.

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